Hepialidae: Andeabatis 
 

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Distribution
Between 38º and 44 º S on both sides of the Andes of Chile and Argentina.

Systematics
Monotypic: Andeabatis chilensis (Ureta, 1951).

Distinct from all other South American Hepialidae in size and eye-spot wing pattern. Male genitalia with sternite VIII more sclerotized than preceding segments and modified as part of the genitalia (also Parapielus). Female genitalia have a unique sternite IX lobe extending into the papillae anales in the midline. Antennal sockets separated by narrow rim (also Druceiella). Forewing scales dark-tipped

Andeabatis is similar to Abantiades of Australia with respect to long labial palpi, an annular or eye-like wing pattern, a high number of antennal segments, and male genitalia with a subcaudal ventral ridge on the tegumen. The flagellum segments of Andeabatis annular whereas those of Abantiades are pectinate, and latter also have the arolium present (Nielsen and Robinson, 1983)

Habitat
Dense humid forest. See youtube video of live adult by Bernardo Segura

Biology
Larval stages unknown. Adults fly in late summer (February-March).

Reference
Nielsen, E.S. and Robinson, G.S. 1983.
Ghost moths of
xxx southern South America. Entomonograph 4, 1-192.

Andeabatis chilensis habitat
Andeabatis chilensis habitat. Photo courtesy of Bernardo Segura© flickr gallery

Andeabatis chilensis head
Image by Austin Amenabar L. Project Noah

Andeabatis chilensis
Andeabatis chilensis foreleg. Photo courtesy of Bernardo Segura© flickr gallery

  Andeabatis chilensis
Andeabatis chilensis wing pattern. Photo courtesy of Bernardo Segura© flickr gallery


 
Andeabatis chilensis
(Ureta, 1950)
Chile, Argentina
Flight: February-March
Holotype 
  Andeabatis chilensis
Male. American Museum of Natural History. Photo courtesy of Jane Hyland, CMNH
 
  Andeabatis chilensis
Ventral. American Museum of Natural History. Photo courtesy of Jane Hyland, CMN
   Andeabatis chilensis male genitalia
Male genitalia ventral view JRG M211
      Andeabatis chilensis male genitalia lateral
Male genitalia lateral view JRG M211
     Andeabatis chilensis male genitalia posterior
Male genitalia posterior view JRG M211
 
Andeabatis chilensis at rest
Photo courtesy of Austin Amenabar L. Project Noah

Andeabatis chilensis
Andeabatis chilensis. Photo courtesy of Bernardo Segura© flickr gallery

Andeabatis chilensis
Andeabatis chilensis wing pattern. Photo courtesy of Bernardo Segura© flickr gallery

  Andeabatis chilensis with hand
Photo courtesy of Austin Amenabar L. Project Noah

Andeabatis chilensis
Andeabatis chilensis. Photo courtesy of Bernardo Segura© flickr gallery